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Comparing pollen and archaeobotanical data for Chalcolithic cereal agriculture at Catalhoyuk, Turkey

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dc.creator Yigitbasioglu, Hakan
dc.creator ŞENKUL, Çetin
dc.creator Stroud, Elizabeth
dc.creator Roberts, Neil
dc.creator Moss, Andrew
dc.creator Eastwood, Warren J.
dc.creator Fairbairn, Andrew
dc.creator Boyer, Peter
dc.creator Turner, Rebecca
dc.creator Lamb, Henry
dc.date 2018-12-14T21:00:00Z
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-06T11:26:21Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-06T11:26:21Z
dc.identifier dfc0eeb3-46b0-471c-b67a-1abd59aa5dc9
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.11.012
dc.identifier https://avesis.sdu.edu.tr/publication/details/dfc0eeb3-46b0-471c-b67a-1abd59aa5dc9/oai
dc.identifier.uri http://acikerisim.sdu.edu.tr/xmlui/handle/123456789/74139
dc.description Establishing agricultural activity using pollen analysis is one of the prime challenges of a palaeoecological investigation. Here we report combined pollen and archaeobotanical data originating from a waterlogged off-site organic-rich fill radiocarbon dated to similar to 8 ka Cal BP located between the two occupation mounds at Neolithic-Chalcolithic Catalhoyilk, south central Turkey in order to investigate the record of Early Chalcolithic agricultural activity. Pollen results indicate extremely high abundances of Cerealia-type pollen (30->70%) and critical measurements of these show them to be Triticum-type, Avena/Triticum-type, Secale-type and Hordeum-type. Pollen data are also compared with archaeobotanical data retrieved from the same sediment matrix and show high abundances of Triticum and Hordeum grains, awns, spikelet forks and glume bases. Archaeobotanical and pollen data are therefore unequivocal in showing the presence of cereals throughout the period of deposition, and although preservation of archaeobotanical cereal plant remains is typically poor, the presence of glume wheats, including emmer/'New Type' wheat and domesticated barley, is consistent with cereal data from on-site excavation deposits at Catalhoyuk. Pollen data also include high occurrences of clusters of Cerealia-type, Chenopodiaceae, Poaceae and Asteraceae and point to local deposition that is best explained as the anthers being deposited at the coring site attached to cereal or other herbaceous waste material. Archaeobotanical data in addition to very high percentage values of individual Cerealia-type pollen grains and clusters of Cerealia-type pollen and other non-arboreal pollen types suggest that the margins of the Catalhoyuk site were probably used for early stage crop processing activities as well as a waste site. Although radiocarbon dating of this organic-rich fill suggests that it was deposited over a very short time period (similar to 300 years) during the Early Chalcolithic, the data highlight the importance of adopting complementary palynological and archaeobotanical approaches in order to better understand the taphonomy of micro and macrofossil deposits associated with archaeological sites. While more distant, regional pollen sites in south-central Anatolia have difficulty registering Neolithic-Chalcolithic cereal cultivation, this study shows that if a pollen core site is located too close to an archaeological site, then pollen assemblages can be overwhelmed and 'swamped' by the products of local cereal processing and the inclusion of domestic waste material thus rendering it difficult to elucidate meaningful data on local agricultural activity. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
dc.language eng
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
dc.title Comparing pollen and archaeobotanical data for Chalcolithic cereal agriculture at Catalhoyuk, Turkey
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

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